Islamic Commercial Law
To establish a social order in which all inhabitants' rights and obligations conformed, society instituted legal frameworks to ensure that people behaved towards one another in a fair and amicable manner. Based upon this intent, each country designed a juridical system to make certain that its legal framework would be adhered to. Before there was money everyone had to barter - to swap things with one another with the value of items being determined by supply and demand. However, when societies became aware that transactions were no longer based solely upon such a system, but on contracts in which commodities were exchanged for money, it was clearly necessary to establish regulations that could be understood and agreed by everyone in society. This is when the search for legal systems, able to deal with the essential requirements for valid contracts, became necessary. Islamic law is recognized to have comprehensive understanding of every type of regulation that pertains to contracts and trades. This is because Muslim jurists have dealt with these subjects by focussing on the concept of contract and have defined the essential requirements for the engaged parties; the prerequisites for commodities to be recognized as lawfully purchased and exchanged; and means by which to ensure that contracts bind the participating parties. The question that arose was whether we should restrict ourselves to the types of contracts that were practised during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), or whether jurists are at liberty to deal with contracts that were not known at that time, such as insurance, bank notes, 'dealing in futures' and so on. In response to this, Muslim jurists from the various schools of thought suggested ways in which to resolve the variety of the problems that arose.This was challenging because Muslims believe Islam is the 'seal' of all divine messages and as such, must be able to present solutions to an ever-increasing number of issues that face humanity in fields such as economics, agriculture, trade and medicine, among others. This is why Muslim jurists established general principles of jurisprudence, via which experts in deducing laws from their sources are able to deal with every matter that arises. We cannot help but appreciate their success. By the grace of Allah I was able a few years ago to apprise English speakers of this aspect of Islamic law by authoring Thirty Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, a book that was well received. In this current work I have spared no effort in tracing a wide range of scholarly discussion on the subject of Islamic commercial law from the perspective of Imami sources - and have compared these with views on similar subjects from the perspectives of the four schools of Ahl al-Sunnah. So too with the complexity of getting hold of precise English-language technical terms to match those employed by the Arabic language. While no one may claim their work to be perfect they should make every effort to present academic discussion in its most appropriate manner.
Fruit of Contemplation
The holy month of Ramadan provides a unique opportunity for contemplation and concentration. While Muslims maintain their fasts and refrain from the nourishment for their bodies the window of nourishment for their souls and the enhancement of their spirituality remains open. The Prophet (PBUH) described this holy month as ‘A month in which you are invited to Allah Almighty's feast and hospitality’. Developing and exercising patience are some of the advantages that are to be gained from fasting. Those who are patient are able to concentrate and consider the benefits of the various sources available to help them achieve their goals. We need willpower and determination to improve our lives and to overcome its strains and stresses. Most Islamic centres hold special programmes during the month of Ramadan to meet the aforementioned objectives, that is, the enhancement of spirituality and the strengthening of willpower, and offer educational and cultural nourishment. Such programmes include daily recitation of the Holy Quran, the pondering over Allah's words and offer daily lectures on variety of themes of Islamic teaching. As health regulations to combat Covid-19 caused mosques and Islamic centres to remain closed during this month, online lectures were established. The existing work presents 30 lectures that were delivered during the month of Ramadan AH 1441. Lectures that may also be used as guidelines for those trained to deliver them on Islamic subjects. I pray Allah Almighty honours us all with the enlightenment that He has promised the pious and the sincere.
Fatimah al-Zahra: Ummu Abiha - Mother to her Father
During times in which the role of women is increasingly, if grudgingly, acknowledge in male-dominated societies – it is high time that the eminence of the Lady Fatimah (A.S) and her articulate intellectual contribution to Islam be acknowledged and celebrated!Previously obscured by Qurayshi ideas of male superiority and the chicanery of sectarianism, this carefully researched and well-documented text provides insight into the life and times of the first and foremost female personage of Islam, whose doughty character and teachings have not, heretofore, been presented to the English reader.This is a most welcome uncovering of one woman’s contribution to Islam. A hidden gem – ‘mother to her father’, wife of the ‘Commander of the Faithful’, progenitor of 11 Imams, a fearless defender of justice, challenger of ignorance and arrogance and a keystone in the perpetuation of the spiritual purity and honour of the Islamic faith.
When the author was 18 years old, in answer to the many theological problems that preoccupied youthful minds, he published his first book on Islamic theology. Enthusiastic reception of his Arabic–language text (Defending the Faith) led to its translation and publication in the Persian language. He later went on to teach Islamic Theology at the College of Jurisprudence in Najaf, the Islamic Seminary in Mashhad and the International Colleges for Islamic Studies in London. His long experience in teaching the various aspects of this subject is apparent in this work. Unlike similarly titled works, which are mainly concerned with the historic contributors to the subject, this book presents the principles of the creed — that is, what Muslims actually believe — according to the schools of theology of the Twelver Shi’ah, the Ash’arites and the Mu’atazilites.
The Core Of Islam
This introduction is addressed to those who seek information about the faith of Islam and its different aspects. For an unbiased and clear picture of any faith one needs to refer to its original sources to discover its essential core. Every effort has been taken to ensure that a rounded and accurate picture is provided of the person of the Messenger (PBUH), and the structure of the message, both in regard to faith and practice and the interactions between Muslims and those of other faiths or none. Since daily prayer constitute the pillar of the faith, in Muslim life, a full chapter is devoted to the spiritual and social benefits of acts of devotion and observance, to assist both young Muslims and those new to Islam.
Frequently Asked Question on Islam
The frequent misrepresentation and vilification of Islam make it difficult for those who are not Muslim, to know and learn how and on what basis Muslims make their moral and ethical choices. The legal opinions given in this book enable the reader to discover the sources of Islamic principles and the Divine wisdom which inspires and informs them.
The significance of prayer, introduction to prayer, why we pray, purity of body and soul, obligatory and voluntary prayers.
Islamic Family Law
Islamic Law (also known as Shari’ah) contains four categories: Acts of Devotion, Commercial Law, Family Law and Criminal Law. For Muslims in non–Muslim countries, Acts of Devotion are secured for all regardless of race or the religion of the country. In relation to Commercial Law, Muslims are free to formulate terms and conditions so that the contracts they enter into comply with Islam. As for Family Law, there is little contradiction/controversy between Islamic Law and the Law of the Land. The only category where there are marked differences is the penal code; this has prompted much heated debate in European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. This book focuses upon Family Law. The other categories of Islamic Law are to be the subject of forthcoming works.
The Source of Islamic Spirituality
After the Holy Qur’an is ‘The Book of Guidance’ for all humanity here lay readers are presented with the analysis, critical interpretation and explanation of an ‘exegete’ whose contribution renders Islam’s profound philosophy and significant teaching accessible. This work, specially presented for an English readership sets out to establish an awareness and understanding that the message of Islam is about ‘Purification of the Soul’ – and not earthly reward, obsession with politics, or attacks on His innocent creatures. His ‘Most Beautiful Names’ are fully explained, as is ‘The Night Journey’, while an extensive Glossary summarises the most important aspects of the text.
Thirty Principles Of Islamic Jurisprudence
As Muslims face ever greater problems in regard to individual and social life, they need expert advice to suggest accurate and precise solutions to deal with these issues. Such experts are referred to as mujtahids and the process of deducing law from its sources as Ijtihad. The tools for this process constitute The Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence. Just as a surgeon utilizes a range of instruments, a mujtahid employs a range of ‘principles’ in the process of developing authoritative guidance. This book introduces 30 major principles most needed in the above process.
محاضرات في فقه الامامیة
فاطمة الزهراء ام أبيها
فکر و تراث
الطفل بین الوراثة و التربيه
دفاع عن العقیدة